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Thunder Bay Food Strategy
Safe Cycling Thunder Bay

Native Wildflowers

Why choose native species?

Native species are well adapted to the local ecosystem. They are more resilient than non-native species and hybrids to climate change and drought, have evolved with local pollinators for hundreds of years, grow well without the use of chemicals, and are beautiful! Most of the species listed below are perennials, with the exception of a few biennials. 

Are you looking to add native wildflowers and grasses to your garden? Many of these species are available at the EcoSuperior annual spring plant sale (usually the last Saturday in May).

PF = Pollinator-friendly      B = Attracts butterflies     

DR = Deer resistant           H = Attracts hummingbirds


Anise Hyssop (Agastache foeniculum) PF, B, DR

Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta) PF, B, DR

Blanket Flower (Gaillardia ) PF, DR

Blazing Sar (Liatris spicata)

Blue Flax (Linum usitatissiumum) PF

Blue Vervain (Verbena hastata) PF, B, DR

Blue-Eyed Grass (Sisyrinchium motanum) 

Butterfly Weed (Asclepias tuberosa)

Wild Columbine (Aquilegia canadensis) H, B

Compass Plant (Silphium laciniatum) PF

Coreopsis, Lanceleaf (Coreopsis lanceolata) B, DR

Cup Plant (Silphium perfoliatum) BF, B

Maiden Pink (Dianthus deltiodes) 

Early Blue Violet (Viola adunca) B

Evening Primrose (Oenothera biennis) B

False Solomon's Seal (Maianthemum racemosa) 

Harebell (Campanula rotundifolia) PF, B, DR

Jack in the Pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum) 

Spotted Joe-Pye Weed (Eutrochium maculatum)

Sweet Joe-Pye Weed (Eutrochium purpureum)

Lupin (Lupinus perennis) PF

Maltese Cross (Lychnis chalcedonica) PF, B

Marsh Marigold (Caltha palustris) DR

Milkweed, Common (Asclepias syriaca)

Milkweed, Swamp/Rose (Asclepias incarnata) PF, B, DR

Narrowleaf Sunflower (Helianthus angustifolus) PF, B, DR

New England Aster (Symphyotrichum novae-angliae) PF, B, DR

Obedient Plant (Physotegia virginiana) B, H, DR

Oxeye or False Sunflower (Helianthus helianthoides)

Pale Purple Coneflower (Echinacea pallida) PF, B, H DR

Prairie / Yellow / Gray-headed Coneflower (Ratibida pinnata) B

Purple Coneflower / Echinacea (Echinacea purpurea) PF, B, H, DR

Purple Prairie Clover (Dalea purpurea) PF, B, DR

Scarlett Beebalm (Monarda didyma) PF, B, DR

Tall Thimbleweed (Anemone virginiana) (PF, DR)

Western Canada Violet (Viola canadensis) 

Wild Bergamot (Monarda fitulosa) PF, H, DR

Wild Geranium (Geranium maculatum) PF, B

Wild Ginger (Asarum canadense) 

Wild Iris (Iris versicolor) H, DR

Wild Strawberry (Fragaria vesca) 

Yellow Coneflower (Echinacea paradoxa)

Curious to see what these plants really look like? Stop by Central Natural Environment Gardens (located off Central Avenue, across from Craig's Plumbing) to see these and many more wildflowers!



Grasses (native to North American prairies)

Big Bluestem (Andropogon gerardii)

Little Bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium)

Blue Joint Grass (Calamagrostis canadensis)

Blue Grama (Bouteloua gracilius)

Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum)

Indigenous grass (Sorghastrum nutans)

562 Red River Road,
Thunder Bay, Ontario
P7B 1H3

Monday to Friday
8:30am to 4:30pm

Phone: 807-624-2140
Fax: 807-622-0005

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