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Thunder Bay Food Strategy
Safe Cycling Thunder Bay

Native Plants

Why choose native species?

Native species are well adapted to the local ecosystem. They are more resilient than non-native species and hybrids to climate change and drought, have evolved with local pollinators for hundreds of years, grow well without the use of chemicals, and are beautiful! Most of the species listed below are perennials, with the exception of a few biennials. 

Are you looking to add native wildflowers and grasses to your garden? Many of these species are available at the EcoSuperior annual spring plant sale (usually the last Saturday in May).

PF = Pollinator-friendly      B = Attracts butterflies     

DR = Deer resistant           H = Attracts hummingbirds


Anise Hyssop (Agastache foeniculum) PF, B, DR

Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta) PF, B, DR

Blanket Flower (Gaillardia ) PF, DR

Blazing Sar (Liatris spicata)

Blue Flag Iris (Iris versicolor) H, DR

Blue Flax (Linum usitatissiumum) PF

Blue Lobelia (Lobelia siphilitica)

Blue Vervain (Verbena hastata) PF, B, DR

Blue-Eyed Grass (Sisyrinchium motanum) 

Blue False Indigo (Baptista australis)

Wild Columbine (Aquilegia canadensis) H, B

Compass Plant (Silphium laciniatum) PF

Coreopsis, Lanceleaf (Coreopsis lanceolata) B, DR

Cup Plant (Silphium perfoliatum) BF, B

Maiden Pink (Dianthus deltiodes) 

Evening Primrose (Oenothera biennis) B

False Solomon's Seal (Maianthemum racemosa) 

Fireweed (Epilobium angustifolium)

Harebell (Campanula rotundifolia) PF, B, DR

Jack in the Pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum) 

Spotted Joe-Pye Weed (Eutrochium maculatum)

Lupin (Lupinus perennis) PF

Marsh Marigold (Caltha palustris) DR

Milkweed, Common (Asclepias syriaca)

Milkweed, Swamp/Rose (Asclepias incarnata) PF, B, DR

Butterfly MIlkweed (Asclepias tuberosa)

Milkweed, Whorled (Asclepias virticillata)

Narrowleaf Sunflower (Helianthus angustifolus) PF, B, DR

New England Aster (Symphyotrichum novae-angliae) PF, B, DR

Northern Bedstraw (Galium boreale)

Obedient Plant (Physotegia virginiana) B, H, DR

Oxeye or False Sunflower (Helianthus helianthoides)

Pale Purple Coneflower (Echinacea pallida) PF, B, H DR

Prairie / Yellow / Gray-headed Coneflower (Ratibida pinnata) B

Purple Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) PF, B, H, DR

Purple Prairie Clover (Dalea purpurea) PF, B, DR

Spreading Dogbane (Apocynum androsaemifo)

Sweet-scented Bedstraw (Galium triflorum)

Tall Meadow Rue (Thalictrum dasycarpum)

Violet, Northern Bog (Viola nephropylla)

Early Blue Violet (Viola adunca) B

Western Canada Violet (Viola canadensis) 

Wild Bergamot (Monarda fitulosa) PF, H, DR

Wild Geranium (Geranium maculatum) PF, B

Wild Ginger (Asarum canadense) 

Wild Hops (Humulus lupulus)

Wild Strawberry (Fragaria vesca) 

Wild Grape Vine (Vitis riparia)

Virginia Creeper (Pathenocissus quinquefolia)

Common Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)


Curious to see what these plants really look like? Stop by Central Natural Environment Gardens (located off Central Avenue, across from Craig's Plumbing) to see these and many more wildflowers!



Grasses (native to North American prairies)

Big Bluestem (Andropogon gerardii)

Canada Wild Rye (Elymus canadensis)

Little Bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium)

Blue Joint Grass (Calamagrostis canadensis)

Sweetgrass (Hierochloe odorata)


562 Red River Road,
Thunder Bay, Ontario
P7B 1H3
Due to COVID-19 social restrictions, our office is currently closed to the public.
We are offering curbside pick-up through our online store.

Temporary phone hours:
10 a.m. to 2 p.m. Monday to Friday. 

Phone: 807-624-2140

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